On 4 October, we celebrated 50 years since the launch of Sputnik, the device that marked man's first venture into space. After this first satellite was launched, the world realised the path to the stars was finally open and space was ready to be explored. Yet it was an aerospace engineer's dream Sergei Pavlovich Korolev and not the Kremlin's Nomenklatura that put the Soviet Union in orbit, placing it at the top of the space race at the time, dragging a surprised and genuinely concerned with the Soviet Union's supremacy USA along with it.
In 1911 Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, one of the visionary scientists who started to build humanity's dream of ridding itself of the planet's shackles professed: Earth is the cradle of humanity, but one cannot stay in the cradle forever. This idea of liberation inspired Sergei Pavlovich Korolev, justly considered the driving force behind the Soviet space programme and on of the first great space conquer pioneers in order to fulfill one of the "giant steps" of Humanity.
A victim, in 1938, of Stalin's purges,purgas estalinistas, Korolev was sent to a Gulag in Siberia gulag, being released 3 years later when the regime desperately needed engineers to be part of the war efforts against Nazi Germany. III Reich. In Germany, where he was sent after World War II in 1945, Stalin em 1945 no final da II Guerra Mundial, Korolev focused on recovering and studying the technology behind the German V-2 rockets. V-2. These would be a source of inspiration for the work he would carry out in 1957 at the Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation. no Special Design Bureau: o R-7 Semyorka. During the Cold War, he would develop the first intercontinental ballistic missile to launch an attack on the USA.
Nonetheless, his star dreams was still alive and on 4 October of the same year, set off by a modified version of the R-7, Sputnik Sputnik 1 was launched, followed by Sputnik 2 a month later, the device that would carry Laika the dogLaika into space, thus making Laika the first living being to enter space's orbit. Three other Sputniks followed. Sputnik.
Enthusiastic and clearly a leader in the titans war that was the soviet space programme, Korolev finished, with the Politburo's and the Red Army's Generals consent, the design of the first Russian launch vehicle: Soyuz e a Soyuz, as part of the Soyuz program. Soyuz. He initiated plans to build the giant rocket with which he planned to win the race to the moon, the failed N1. N1.
Sergei Korolev died in 1966 at the age of 59, at the top of his genious, yet his devices Soyuz, decisive marks of the space age that last from the Soviet space programe, are still today at the service of Russian Federal Space Agency and the Sputnik satellites, will remain forever as the indelible mark of the genious of a man who dared to dream about the stars and make his delirium come true.