In 1976, the soviet government ordered to the artist Efim Deshalyt a Moscow city maquette. The miniature, which was extended over a more than 37.000 m² surface, made part of one of the regime megalomaniac advertisings and took one year to be ready. Today, the communists could solve everything faster and practical. The tilt-shift impressive photographic technique can transform any miniature image, like those which are made to maquettes.
Although the recent shiver about tilt-shift, it is not so new. Some time before Efim Deshalyt began to build his little Red Square, Nikon had developed to its 35mm cameras a SRL lens, which was able to provoke a shift in a image (basically a displacement effect that causes the image rotation). Canon would refine the technology in 1973, adding to that movement the tilt -- which causes the inclination, or bascule, of the photographed theme.
The tilt-shift technique can transform any photographed theme in a miniature version of itself by manipulating the combination of these two movements. The digital cameras progress became the application of this effect easier, but no one were very interested on it. The success of the tilt-shift technique is linked to the software which is the lord of all the optical illusions: Photoshop.
Making simples adjustments of color and brightness, anyone can create his own maquette using an image made by domestic cameras. Another interesting option is TiltShift Maker, which transforms everything in a few clicks if the problem is dominating photo edition sofwares.
Below, you can watch a video produced by the Australian photographer Keith Loutit, who extended the miniatures technique to animation: A Monster Trucks race made by tiny cars on a tiny arena with tiny people. The result is fantastic.